Project Euler Problem 11 Solution

In the 2020 grid below, four numbers along a diagonal line have been marked in red.

08 02 22 97 38 15 00 40 00 75 04 05 07 78 52 12 50 77 91 08
49 49 99 40 17 81 18 57 60 87 17 40 98 43 69 48 04 56 62 00
81 49 31 73 55 79 14 29 93 71 40 67 53 88 30 03 49 13 36 65
52 70 95 23 04 60 11 42 69 24 68 56 01 32 56 71 37 02 36 91
22 31 16 71 51 67 63 89 41 92 36 54 22 40 40 28 66 33 13 80
24 47 32 60 99 03 45 02 44 75 33 53 78 36 84 20 35 17 12 50
32 98 81 28 64 23 67 10 26 38 40 67 59 54 70 66 18 38 64 70
67 26 20 68 02 62 12 20 95 63 94 39 63 08 40 91 66 49 94 21
24 55 58 05 66 73 99 26 97 17 78 78 96 83 14 88 34 89 63 72
21 36 23 09 75 00 76 44 20 45 35 14 00 61 33 97 34 31 33 95
78 17 53 28 22 75 31 67 15 94 03 80 04 62 16 14 09 53 56 92
16 39 05 42 96 35 31 47 55 58 88 24 00 17 54 24 36 29 85 57
86 56 00 48 35 71 89 07 05 44 44 37 44 60 21 58 51 54 17 58
19 80 81 68 05 94 47 69 28 73 92 13 86 52 17 77 04 89 55 40
04 52 08 83 97 35 99 16 07 97 57 32 16 26 26 79 33 27 98 66
88 36 68 87 57 62 20 72 03 46 33 67 46 55 12 32 63 93 53 69
04 42 16 73 38 25 39 11 24 94 72 18 08 46 29 32 40 62 76 36
20 69 36 41 72 30 23 88 34 62 99 69 82 67 59 85 74 04 36 16
20 73 35 29 78 31 90 01 74 31 49 71 48 86 81 16 23 57 05 54
01 70 54 71 83 51 54 69 16 92 33 48 61 43 52 01 89 19 67 48

The product of these numbers is 26 63 78 14 = 1788696.

What is the greatest product of four adjacent numbers in any direction (up, down, left, right, or diagonally) in the 2020 grid?

My solution in Ruby:

  1. grid = [
  2. [8, 2, 22, 97, 38, 15, 0, 40, 0, 75, 4, 5, 7, 78, 52, 12, 50, 77, 91, 8],
  3. [49, 49, 99, 40, 17, 81, 18, 57, 60, 87, 17, 40, 98, 43, 69, 48, 4, 56, 62, 0],
  4. [81, 49, 31, 73, 55, 79, 14, 29, 93, 71, 40, 67, 53, 88, 30, 3, 49, 13, 36, 65],
  5. [52, 70, 95, 23, 4, 60, 11, 42, 69, 24, 68, 56, 1, 32, 56, 71, 37, 2, 36, 91],
  6. [22, 31, 16, 71, 51, 67, 63, 89, 41, 92, 36, 54, 22, 40, 40, 28, 66, 33, 13, 80],
  7. [24, 47, 32, 60, 99, 3, 45, 2, 44, 75, 33, 53, 78, 36, 84, 20, 35, 17, 12, 50],
  8. [32, 98, 81, 28, 64, 23, 67, 10, 26, 38, 40, 67, 59, 54, 70, 66, 18, 38, 64, 70],
  9. [67, 26, 20, 68, 2, 62, 12, 20, 95, 63, 94, 39, 63, 8, 40, 91, 66, 49, 94, 21],
  10. [24, 55, 58, 5, 66, 73, 99, 26, 97, 17, 78, 78, 96, 83, 14, 88, 34, 89, 63, 72],
  11. [21, 36, 23, 9, 75, 0, 76, 44, 20, 45, 35, 14, 0, 61, 33, 97, 34, 31, 33, 95],
  12. [78, 17, 53, 28, 22, 75, 31, 67, 15, 94, 3, 80, 4, 62, 16, 14, 9, 53, 56, 92],
  13. [16, 39, 5, 42, 96, 35, 31, 47, 55, 58, 88, 24, 0, 17, 54, 24, 36, 29, 85, 57],
  14. [86, 56, 0, 48, 35, 71, 89, 7, 5, 44, 44, 37, 44, 60, 21, 58, 51, 54, 17, 58],
  15. [19, 80, 81, 68, 05, 94, 47, 69, 28, 73, 92, 13, 86, 52, 17, 77, 4, 89, 55, 40],
  16. [4, 52, 8, 83, 97, 35, 99, 16, 7, 97, 57, 32, 16, 26, 26, 79, 33, 27, 98, 66],
  17. [88, 36, 68, 87, 57, 62, 20, 72, 3, 46, 33, 67, 46, 55, 12, 32, 63, 93, 53, 69],
  18. [4, 42, 16, 73, 38, 25, 39, 11, 24, 94, 72, 18, 8, 46, 29, 32, 40, 62, 76, 36],
  19. [20, 69, 36, 41, 72, 30, 23, 88, 34, 62, 99, 69, 82, 67, 59, 85, 74, 4, 36, 16],
  20. [20, 73, 35, 29, 78, 31, 90, 1, 74, 31, 49, 71, 48, 86, 81, 16, 23, 57, 5, 54],
  21. [1, 70, 54, 71, 83, 51, 54, 69, 16, 92, 33, 48, 61, 43, 52, 1, 89, 19, 67, 48]
  22. ]
  23.  
  24. biggestproduct = 0
  25. factors = []
  26. direction = nil
  27. #Horizontal
  28. for i in 0..19
  29. for j in 0..(19-3)
  30. product = grid[i][j] * grid[i][j+1] * grid[i][j+2] * grid[i][j+3]
  31. factors = [grid[i][j], grid[i][j+1], grid[i][j+2], grid[i][j+3]] if product > biggestproduct
  32. direction = "Horizontal" if product > biggestproduct
  33. biggestproduct = product if product > biggestproduct
  34. end
  35. end
  36. #Vertical
  37. for i in 0..(19-3)
  38. for j in 0..19
  39. product = grid[i][j] * grid[i+1][j] * grid[i+2][j] * grid[i+3][j]
  40. factors = [grid[i][j], grid[i+1][j], grid[i+2][j], grid[i+3][j]] if product > biggestproduct
  41. direction = "Vertical" if product > biggestproduct
  42. biggestproduct = product if product > biggestproduct
  43. end
  44. end
  45. #Diagonal \
  46. for i in 0..(19-3)
  47. for j in 0..(19-3)
  48. product = grid[i][j] * grid[i+1][j+1] * grid[i+2][j+2] * grid[i+3][j+3]
  49. factors = [grid[i][j], grid[i+1][j+1], grid[i+2][j+2], grid[i+3][j+3]] if product > biggestproduct
  50. direction = "Diagonal \\" if product > biggestproduct
  51. biggestproduct = product if product > biggestproduct
  52. end
  53. end
  54. #Diagonal /
  55. for i in 0..(19-3)
  56. for j in (0+3)..19
  57. product = grid[i][j] * grid[i+1][j-1] * grid[i+2][j-2] * grid[i+3][j-3]
  58. factors = [grid[i][j], grid[i+1][j-1], grid[i+2][j-2], grid[i+3][j-3]] if product > biggestproduct
  59. direction = "Diagonal /" if product > biggestproduct
  60. biggestproduct = product if product > biggestproduct
  61. end
  62. end
  63. puts "answer: #{factors[0]} x #{factors[1]} x #{factors[2]} x #{factors[3]} = #{biggestproduct} (#{direction})"